Mortar is a binding material used in construction, particularly in masonry industry, to fill in the gaps between different building blocks like bricks, stones, etc… Mortar can also be used for decorative patterns in the brick industry.
Mortar is produced by combining cementing material like lime, cement or combination with fine aggregates like sand which will then be well incorporated by adding water.
Mortar can be of different types, of which there are four (4) common types: cement mortar; mud mortar, lime mortar and special mortar.
Cement mortar is created by mixing the basic components which are the Portland cement, sand and water. Cement mortar is used for masonry blocks and gives a smooth finish to wall and other concrete surfaces.
Mud mortar is made by adding sand, clay and water. They are cheap but less durable compared with other type. Mud mortar are usually found in houses. Lime mortar are made from lime, sand and water and are usually non hydraulic and sets very slow through reaction with carbon dioxide in air.
Lastly is the special mortar which are used to make the building blocks stronger are more durable.
Mortar now can be quickly applied due to the mechanization of the process. These are the commonly asked questions regarding the mechanized way of mortar application.